new media in art – rush (2005)

time art

  • locating the seeds of real-time and manipulation of time as an artistic practice: “After the mid-1960s, as citic and curator Anne-Marie Duguet has said, “Time emerged not only as a recurrent theme but also as a constituent parameter of the very nature of an art work.”
  • media art is inextricably linked to photography
  • “representation clearly involves space; but less clear is time, and this is where the revolution wrought by phtoography and its bigger cousin moving photography, humans began to participate in the manipulation of time itself.”
  • Bergson:
    • time as metaphysics – flux of reality
    • Matter and Memory (1896)
    • “What I call ‘my present’ has one foot in my past and another in the future.”
    • championed the interaction between intuition and perception
    • Bergson didn’t like technology in art – perception should be ‘pure’
  • Rush: “From the beginnings of photography, however, art and technology co-existed in an essential bond that has benefitted both for more than one hundred years.”
  • Marey – Bergson (who were at College de France together – Muybridge
  • chornophotography
  • embraced by the futurist – Giacomo Balla, Duchamp, Kurt Schwitters – applied futurism to their painting…
  • 1950s – Hollis Frampton / Stan Brakhage
  • Williiam Kennedy Laurie Dickson
  • Knetorgraph
  • Kinetoscope
  • 1895 – Lumiere Brothers – projected on screens for paying public
  • George Melies – “the first screen artist” – lighting, cinematography, time-lapse, Cinderella – The Dreyfus Affair – A Trip to the Moon
  • Edwin S. Porter – The Great Train Robbery
  • D. W. Griffith – The Birth of the Nation & Intolerance
  • Louis Feuillade
  • Abel Gance
  • F. W. Murnau
  • Fritz Lang
  • Victor Sjostrom
  • Charlie Chaplin
  • Sergei Eisenstein – art technology life during soviet avant-garde (1915-1932)
    • educated in engineering, mathematics and art
    • worked as a theorter designer
    • montage as emotion through editing – constructivism and cubism
    • new ways of seeing – new society means new ways of seeing things
    • cinema was totally utilitarian rationalist and materialist – applications of industrial processes
    • dynamic camera angles and such allows for multiple understandings of reality
  • Vertov
  • Delluc
  • Robert Wiene
  • Teinosuke Kinugasa
  • Laszlo Moholy-Nagy
  • Alfred Steiglitz

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